Evaluate the social, political and economic impacts of World War Two on occupied countries in the Pacific? This discussion should include analysis of life under occupation and the use of slave labour.
‘Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is well trained, well equipped and battle hardened. He will fight savagely.’1 General Dwight Eisenhower described the Japanese as Savages while others called them ‘primitive barbarians’ or ‘ruthless’. Within five months, Japan dominated 1.5 million sq miles of South East Asia, making them the second largest empire in the world.2 The Japanese received the title of savages because of their ‘Scorched Earth’ policy of invasion: ‘Kill All, Burn All and Loot All.’ The Japanese battle cry of “Banzai”, echoed throughout the Pacific islands which had previously been occupied by Western Nations. Japan attempted to emulate the West by becoming a colonial power in its own right.
This essay will be evaluating the social, political and economic impacts of World War Two on occupied countries in the Pacific. Three countries that will be analyzed under Japanese occupation are; Singapore, the Philippines and Indonesia. Each of these nations had previously been colonized by the allies, British, American and the Dutch; who used their resources to help fight the battles against Germany, and now Japan.
The social impact of war and occupation resonate long after it is over. The most obvious social impacts of occupation during the Pacific war are the destruction of social cohesion and order, cultural and religious fraction and tradition breakdown. Allied occupation differed to Japan’s because of their treatment of civilians and their purpose of takeover, however both used imperialism to expand their sphere of influence and exploit their resources to strength their power. The social impacts that will be examined in this section are; ethnic cleansing, murder, rape and forced labour.
Firstly, upon invading a Pacific nation,...